dr. Maja Ivana Smodiš Škerl

dr., dr. vet. med. Oddelek za živinorejo čebelarstvo Raziskovalci +386 (0)1 280 51 50 maja.smodis.skerl@kis.si

Work experiences

From 2005 - Researcher at the Animal Production Department, Beekeeping, Agricultural institute of Slovenia.

Short CV

Maja Smodiš Škerl has finished her PhD in 2011 at the Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences University of Maribor. The research was focused on morphological and histological changes in hypopharyngeal glands of honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica) and was conducted in laboratory and experimental apiary of Agricultural institute of Slovenia. Her main interests and experiences are: morphological, histological and molecular diagnostics, biology and pathology of honey bees. She is active in several national and international projects. Maja is a co-author of expert monography Čebelarjenje za vsakogar – Beekeeping for everyone, a practical book that was published in 2015 in the 2nd reprint.

Scientific area and expert work

Research and expert work in field of Selection for Carniolan honey bee, queen breeding, effects of pesticides on tissue and cells in honey bees, pathology, nutrition, sensorial evaluation of honey and bee products.


Honey bee biology: lectures for beekeepers, Slovenian Beekeepers’ Association, Lukovica (2011-2017)


  • COLOSS – Prevention of honey bee COlony LOSSes, co-chair of Varroa control Task Force
  • Bee World – Editorial board (2018-)
  • SAČD – Slovenian Academic Beekeeping Society, President (from 2017)
  • ČD Moste-Polje, Beekeeping Society Moste-Polje, member
  • Slovenski čebelar, Slovenian Beekeeper – Editorial board (2011-2015)

Selected publications

TLAK GAJGER, Ivana, RIBARIĆ, Jasna, SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana, VLAINIĆ, Josipa, SIKIRIĆ, Predrag. Stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 in honeybee (Apis mellifera) therapy, to control Nosema ceranae invasions in apiary conditions. Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, ISSN 0140-7783, 2018, vol. , issue , str. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jvp.12509, doi: 10.1111/jvp.12509. [COBISS.SI-ID 5493608]

GREGORC, Aleš, SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana. Characteristics of honey bee (Apis Mellifera Carnica, Pollman 1879) queens reared in Slovenian commercial breeding stations. Journal of Apicultural Science, ISSN 1643-4439, 2015, vol. 59, no. 2, str. 5-12, ilustr., doi: 10.1515/jas-2015-0016. [COBISS.SI-ID 4854888]

SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana, GREGORC, Aleš. Characteristics of hypopharyngeal glands in honeybees (Apis mellifera carnica) from a nurse colony. Slovenian veterinary research, ISSN 1580-4003. [English print ed.], 2015, vol. 52, no. 2, str. 67-74, ilustr. http://www.slovetres.si/index.php/SVR/article/view/77. [COBISS.SI-ID 4779368]

TLAK GAJGER, Ivana, RIBARIĆ, Jasna, MATAK, Marina, SVEČNJAK, Lidija, KOZARIĆ, Zvonko, NEJEDLI, Srebrenka, SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana. Zeolite clinoptilolite as a dietary supplement and remedy for honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies. Veterinární medicína, ISSN 0375-8427, 2015, vol. 60, no. 12, str. 696-705. http://vri.cz/docs/vetmed/60-12-696.pdf. [COBISS.SI-ID 4941160]

SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana, GREGORC, Aleš. A preliminary laboratory study on the longevity of A. m. carnica honey bees after feeding with candies containing HMF. Journal of Apicultural Research, ISSN 0021-8839, 2014, vol. 53, no. 4, str. 422-423, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 4546408]

SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana, NAKRST, Mitja, ŽVOKELJ, Lucija, GREGORC, Aleš. The acaricidal effect of flumethrin, oxalic acid and amitraz against varroa destructor in honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica) colonies. Acta veterinaria Brno, ISSN 0001-7213, 2011, vol. 80, str. 51-56. [COBISS.SI-ID 3588456]

SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana, GREGORC, Aleš. Heat shock proteins and cell death in situ localisation in hypopharyngeal glands of honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica) workers after imidacloprid or coumaphos treatment. Apidologie, ISSN 0044-8435, 2010, letn. 41, št. 1, str. 73-86, graf. prikazi, ilustr., tabele, doi: 10.1051/apido/2009051. [COBISS.SI-ID 3171432]

SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana, KMECL, Veronika, GREGORC, Aleš. Exposure to pesticides at sublethal level and their distribution within a honey bee (Apis mellifera) colony. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, ISSN 0007-4861, 2010, no. 2, str. 125-128. https://link.springer.com/journal/128, doi: 10.1007/s00128-010-0069-y. [COBISS.SI-ID 3360616]

SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana, VELIKONJA BOLTA, Špela, BAŠA ČESNIK, Helena, GREGORC, Aleš. Residues of pesticides in honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica) bee bread and in pollen loads from treated apple orchards. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, ISSN 0007-4861, 2009, vol. 83, no. 3, str. 374-377, doi: 10.1007/s00128-9762-0. [COBISS.SI-ID 3020392]

GREGORC, Aleš, LOKAR, Vesna, SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana. Testing of the isolation of the Rog-Ponikve mating station for Carniolan (Apis mellifera carnica) honey bee qeens. Journal of Apicultural Research, ISSN 0021-8839, 2008, letn. 47, no. 2, str. 138-142, graf. prikazi. [COBISS.SI-ID 2691688]

GREGORC, Aleš, SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana. Combating Varroa destructor in honeybee colonies using flumethrin or fluvalinate. Acta veterinaria Brno, ISSN 0001-7213, 2007, vol. 76, str. 309-314. https://dk.um.si/IzpisGradiva.php?id=67170&lang=slv. [COBISS.SI-ID 2423912]

GREGORC, Aleš, SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana. Toxicological and immunohistochemical testing of honeybees after oxalic and rotenone treatments. Apidologie, ISSN 0044-8435, 2007, letn. 38, št. 3, str. 296-305. [COBISS.SI-ID 2423656]

HATJINA, Fani, BIEŃKOWSKA, Małgorzata, CHARISTOS, Leonidas, CHLEBO, Robert, COSTA, Cecilia, DRAŽIĆ, Maja, FILIPI, Janja, GREGORC, Aleš, IVANOVA, Evgeniya, KEZIĆ, Nikola, KOPERNICKY, Jan, KRYGER, Per, LODESANI, Marco, LOKAR, Vesna, MLADENOVIĆ, Mića, PANASIUK, Beata, PETROV, Plamen P, RAŠIĆ, Slađan, SMODIŠ ŠKERL, Maja Ivana, VEJSNÆS, Flemming, WILDE, Jerzy. A review of methods used in some European countries for assessing the quality of honey bee queens through their physical characters and the performance of their colonies = Revisión de los métodos usados en algunos países europeos para la evaluación de la calidad de las abejas reinas a través de sus caracteres físicos y el desarrollo de sus colonias. Journal of Apicultural Research, ISSN 0021-8839, 2014, vol. 53, no. 3, str. 337-363. [COBISS.SI-ID 4491880]